Paul Klee Wiki, Paul Klee Bio
Paul Klee Wiki: Paul Klee 18 December 1879 – 29 June 1940 was a Swiss-German artist. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included Expressionism, Cubism, and Surrealism. Paul Klee was a natural draftsman who experimented with and eventually deeply explored color theory, writing about it extensively; Paul Klee lectures Writings on Form and Design Theory (Schriften zur Form und Gestaltungslehre), published in English as the Paul Paul Klee Notebooks, are held to be as important for modern art as Leonardo da Vinci’s A Treatise on Painting for the Renaissance. He and his colleague, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky, both taught at the Bauhaus school of art, design, and architecture. Paul Klee works reflect his dry humor and his sometimes childlike perspective, his personal moods and beliefs, and his musicality.
Paul Klee Biography
Paul Klee was born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland, as the second child of German music teacher Hans Wilhelm Klee (1849–1940) and Swiss singer Ida Marie Klee, née Frick (1855–1921). His sister Mathilde (died 6 December 1953) was born on 28 January 1876 in Walzenhausen. Their father came from Tann and studied singing, piano, organ, and violin at the Stuttgart Conservatory, meeting there his future wife Ida Frick. Hans Wilhelm Klee was active as a music teacher at the Bern State Seminary in Hofwil near Bern until 1931 Paul Klee was able to develop his music skills as his parents encouraged and inspired him throughout his life. In 1880, Paul Klee family moved to Bern, where they eventually, in 1897, after a number of changes of residence, moved into their own house in the Kirchenfeld district. From 1886 to 1890, Paul Klee visited primary school and received, at the age of 7, violin classes at the Municipal Music School. He was so talented on the violin that, aged 11, he received an invitation to play as an extraordinary member of the Bern Music Association.
Paul Klee married Bavarian pianist Lily Stumpf in 1906 and they had one son named Felix Paul in the following year. They lived in a suburb of Munich, and while she gave piano lessons and occasional performances, he kept house and tended to his artwork. His attempt to be a magazine illustrator failed.Paul Klee‘s artwork progressed slowly for the next five years, partly from having to divide his time with domestic matters, and partly as he tried to find a new approach to Paul Klee art. In 1910, he had his first solo exhibition in Bern, which then traveled to three Swiss cities.
Paul Klee Death
Paul Klee suffered from a wasting disease, scleroderma, toward the end of his life, enduring pain that seems to be reflected in his last works of art. One of Paul Klee last paintings, Death and Fire, features a skull in the center with the German word for death, “Tod”, appearing in the face. Paul Klee died in Muralto, Locarno, Switzerland, on 29 June 1940 without having obtained Swiss citizenship, despite his birth in that country. His artwork was considered too revolutionary, even degenerate, by the Swiss authorities, but eventually, they accepted his request six days after his death. His legacy comprises about 9,000 works of art. The words on his tombstone, Paul Klee‘s credo, placed there by his son Felix, say, “I cannot be grasped in the here and now, For my dwelling place is as much among the dead, As the yet unborn, Slightly closer to the heart of creation than usual, But still not close enough.” Paul Klee was buried at Schosshaldenfriedhof, Bern, Switzerland.
Paul Klee Last works in Switzerland
In this period Paul Klee mainly worked on large-sized pictures. After the onset of illness, there were about 25 works in the 1936 catalog, but his productivity increased in 1937 to 264 pictures, 1938 to 489, and 1939 – his most productive year – to 1254. They dealt with ambivalent themes, expressing his personal fate, the political situation and his joke. Examples are the watercolor painting Musiker (musician), a stickman face with the partially serious, partially smiling mouth; and the Revolution des Viadukts (Revolution of the Viadukt), an anti-fascist art. In Viadukt (1937) the bridge arches split from the bank as they refuse to be linked to a chain and are therefore rioting. Since 1938, Paul Klee worked more intensively with hieroglyphic-like elements. The painting Insula dulcamara from the same year, which is one of his largest (88 cm × 176 cm (35 in × 69 in)), shows a white face in the middle of the elements, symbolizing death with its black-circled eye sockets. Bitterness and sorrow are not rare in much of his works during this time.
Paul Klee Wiki
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