Maria Walanda Maramis Wiki, Maria Walanda Maramis Bio
Maria Walanda Maramis Wiki: 1 December 1872 – April 22, 1924, more commonly known as Maria Walanda Maramis, is recognized as a National Hero of Indonesia for her efforts to advance women’s rights and conditions in Indonesia at the beginning of the 20th century.
Maria Josephine Catherine Maramis
December 1, 1872
Kema, North Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies
|Died||April 22, 1924 (aged 51)
Maumbi, North Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies
|Other names||Maria Walanda Maramis|
|Spouse(s)||Joseph Frederick Caselung Walanda|
Maria Walanda Maramis Early life
Maria was born in Kema, a small town in the regency of North Minahasa in the province of North Sulawesi. Her parents were Maramis and Sarah Rotinsulu. She had a Christian family. She was the youngest of three children with a sister by the name of Antje and brother by the name of Andries. Andries Maramis was the father of Alexander Andries Maramis who later became involved in the independence of Indonesia and held ministerial and ambassadorship positions in the Indonesian government.
Maramis became an orphan at the age of six when her parents were both stricken with sickness and died one after the other in a short period of time. Maramis’ uncle, Rotinsulu, took the children to Maumbi where he was the District Chief (Indonesian: Hukum Besar) and raised them after the death of their parents. Maria and her sister attended Malay school (Indonesian: Sekolah Melayu). The name comes from the fact that the language used in the school was Malay language or an early term for the Indonesian language. The school taught basic knowledge, such as how to read and write, and some science and history. This would be the only formal education Maramis and her sister received as girls were expected to get married and become homemakers.
Maria Walanda Maramis work for Voting rights of women in Minahasa
In 1919, a regional representative body for Minahasa (Dutch: Minahasa Raad) was established. Its members were originally selected, but elections were planned to pick subsequent members through popular vote. Only men were given the opportunity to become representatives, but Maramis championed the rights of women to cast votes to choose these representatives. Her efforts reached Batavia (now known as [Jakarta]; then called Betawi in Indonesian) and in 1921 the Dutch allowed the participation of women in the elections of representatives for the Minahasa Raad.
Maria Walanda Maramis Family life
Maramis married Joseph Frederick Caselung Walanda, a language teacher in 1890. After her marriage with Walanda, she became better known as Maria Walanda Maramis. They had three children. Two of the children were sent to teacher’s school in Betawi (Jakarta). Anna Matuli Walanda went on to become a teacher and also participated in PIKAT.