Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Bio
Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera is a Mexican drug lord and former leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, an international crime syndicate. Known as “El Chapo because of his 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) stature, Guzmán is considered to have been the most powerful drug trafficker in the world.
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Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Wiki
Born in Sinaloa, Guzmán was raised in a poor farming family and endured physical abuse at the hands of his father. Through his father, Guzmán entered the drug trade, helping him grow marijuana for local dealers during his early adulthood. By the late 1970s, Guzmán began working with Héctor Luis Palma Salazar, one of the nation’s rising drug lords, whom he helped map routes to move drugs through Sinaloa, and into the United States. Guzmán later supervised logistics for Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, one of the nation’s leading kingpins, in the mid-1980s, but founded his own cartel in 1988 after Gallardo’s arrest.
As the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, Guzmán oversaw operations whereby mass cocaine, methamphetamines, marijuana, and heroin was produced and subsequently smuggled into and distributed throughout the United States and Europe, the world’s largest users. He achieved this by pioneering the use of distribution cells in the U.S. and long-range tunnels near borders which enabled him to export more drugs to the United States than any other trafficker in history. His leadership of the cartel also brought immense wealth and power; Guzmán was ranked by Forbes as one of the most powerful people in the world between 2009 and 2013 while the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimated that he matched the influence and wealth of Pablo Escobar.
*GOBIERNO DE EEUU PIDE CONFISCAR MÁS DE 12 MIL MILLONES DE DOLARES A “EL CHAPO” GUZMÁN*
Fiscales federales de Estados Unidos (EU) desean confiscarle 12.600 millones de dólares al narcotraficante Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán. https://t.co/PqbWbiF3yx pic.twitter.com/4SqOg56FBv
— Chismorreo Político (@ChismorreoP) July 6, 2019
Guzmán was first captured in 1993 in Guatemala and was extradited and sentenced to 20 years in prison in Mexico for murder and drug trafficking. He bribed prison guards and escaped from a federal maximum-security prison in 2001.His status as a fugitive resulted in an $8.8 million combined reward from Mexico and the U.S. for information leading to his capture, and he was later arrested in Mexico in 2014. He escaped prior to formal sentencing in 2015, through a 1.5 km (0.93 mi) tunnel under his jail cell. He was recaptured by Mexican authorities following a shoot-out in 2016 and was extradited to the United States a year later, where he was found guilty of a number of criminal charges related to his leadership of the Sinaloa Cartel. He is expected to be sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole in a sentencing hearing scheduled for 17 July 2019.
Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Early life
Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera was born into a poor family in the rural community of La Tuna, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico. He was born on 4 April 1957. His parents were Emilio Guzmán Bustillos and María Consuelo Loera Pérez.]His paternal grandparents were Juan Guzmán and Otilia Bustillos, and his maternal grandparents were Ovidio Loera Cobret and Pomposa Pérez Uriarte. For many generations, his family lived at La Tuna. His father was officially a cattle rancher, as were most in the area where he grew up; according to some sources, however, he might also have been a gamer, an opium poppy farmer. He has two younger sisters named Armida and Bernarda and four younger brothers named Miguel Ángel, Aureliano, Arturo, and Emilio. He had three unnamed older brothers who reportedly died of natural causes when he was very young.
Few details are known of Guzmán’s upbringing. As a child, he sold oranges and dropped out of school in third grade to work with his father. He was regularly beaten, and he sometimes fled to his maternal grandmother’s house to escape such treatment. However, he stood up to his father to protect his younger siblings from being beaten It is possible that Guzmán incurred his father’s wrath for trying to stop him from beating them. His mother, however, was his “foundation of emotional support”. The nearest school to his home was about 60 miles (100 km) away, and he was taught by traveling teachers during his early years. The teachers stayed for a few months before moving to other areas. With few opportunities for employment in his hometown, he turned to the cultivation of opium poppy, a common practice among local residents. During harvest season, Guzmán and his brothers hiked the hills of Badiraguato to cut the bud of the poppy. Once the plant was stacked in kilos, his father sold the harvest to other suppliers in Culiacán and Guamúchil. and sold marijuana at commercial centers near the area while accompanied by Guzmán. His father spent most of the profits on liquor and women and often returned home with no money. Tired of his mismanagement, Guzmán cultivated his own marijuana plantation at age 15 with cousins Arturo, Alfredo, Carlos, and Héctor Beltrán Leyva, and he supported his family with his marijuana production.
When he was a teenager, however, his father kicked him out of the house, and he went to live with his grandfather. It was during his adolescence that Guzmán gained the nickname “El Chapo”, Mexican slang for “shorty”, for his 1.68 meters (5 ft 6 in) stature and stocky physique. Most people in Badiraguato worked in the poppy fields of the Sierra Madre Occidental for most of their lives, but Guzmán left his hometown in search of greater opportunities through his uncle Pedro Avilés Pérez, one of the pioneers of Mexican drug trafficking. He left Badiraguato in his 20s and joined organized crime
Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Personal and family criminal activities
Guzmán’s family is heavily involved in drug trafficking. Several members of his family, including his brother, one of his sons, and a nephew were killed by Sinaloa’s archrival cartels, Los Zetas and the Beltrán Leyva Organization.
In 1977, Guzmán married Alejandrina María Salazar Hernández in a small ceremony in the town of Jesús María, Sinaloa. The couple had at least three children: César, Iván Archivaldo, and Jesús Alfredo. He set them up in a ranch home in Jesús María.
When he was 30 years old, El Chapo fell in love with a bank clerk, Estela Peña of Nayarit, whom he kidnapped and had sexual relations. They later married.
In the mid-1980s, Guzmán married once more, to Griselda López Pérez, with whom he had four more children: Édgar, Joaquín, Ovidio, and Griselda Guadalupe.
Guzmán’s sons followed him into the drug business, and his third wife, López Pérez, was arrested in 2010, in Culiacán.
In November 2007, Guzmán married an 18-year-old American beauty queen, Emma Coronel Aispuro, the daughter of one of his top deputies, Inés Coronel Barreras, in Canelas, Durango. In August 2011, she gave birth to twin girls, Maria Joaquina and Email Guadalupe, in Los Angeles County Hospital, in California.
On 1 May 2013, Guzmán’s father-in-law, Inés Coronel Barreras, was captured by Mexican authorities in Agua Prieta, Sonora, with no gunfire exchanged. U.S. authorities believe Coronel Barreras was a “key operative” of the Sinaloa Cartel who grew and smuggled marijuana through the Arizona border area.
On 15 February 2005, Guzmán’s son Iván Archivaldo, known as “El Chapito”, was arrested in Guadalajara on money laundering charges. He was sentenced to five years in federal prison but released in April 2008, after a Mexican federal judge, Jesús Guadalupe Luna, ruled that there was no proof his cash came from drugs other than that he was a drug lord’s son. Luna and another judge were later suspended on suspicion of unspecified irregularities in their decisions, including Luna’s decision to release “El Chapito”.
Guzmán’s son Édgar Guzmán López died after a 2008 ambush in a shopping center parking lot, in Culiacán, Sinaloa. Afterward, police found more than 500 AK-47 bullet casings (7.62×39mm) at the scene. Guzmán’s brother Arturo, known as “El Pollo”, was killed in prison in 2004.
Another of Guzmán’s sons, Jesús Alfredo Guzmán Salazar, known as “El Gordo” (“The Fat One”), then 23 years old, was suspected of being a member of the cartel and was indicted on federal charges of drug trafficking in 2009 with Guzmán, by the U.S. District Court of Northern Illinois, which oversees Chicago. Authorities described Guzmán Salazar as a growing force within his father’s organization and directly responsible for Sinaloa’s drug trade between the U.S. and Mexico and for managing his billionaire father’s growing list of properties. Guzmán Salazar and his mother, Guzmán’s former wife María Alejandrina Salazar Hernández, were both described as key operatives in the Sinaloa Cartel and added to the U.S.’s financial sanction list under the Kingpin Act on 7 June 2012.
The U.S. Treasury Department described Salazar as Guzmán’s wife, in its sanction against her, and described Guzmán as her husband The month before, the U.S. Treasury Department had announced sanctions against Guzmán’s sons Iván Guzmán Salazar and Ovidio Guzmán López under the Kingpin Act. Guzmán’s second wife, Griselda López Pérez, was also sanctioned by the U.S. under the Kingpin Act and described as Guzmán’s wife.
Jesús Guzmán Salazar was reported to have been detained by Mexican Marines in an early morning raid, in the western state of Jalisco on 21 June 2012. Months later, however, the Mexican Attorney General’s Office announced the Marines had arrested the wrong man and that the man captured was actually Félix Beltrán León, who said he was a used-car dealer, not the drug lord’s son. U.S. and Mexican authorities blamed each other for providing the inaccurate information that led to the arrest.
In 2012, Alejandrina Gisselle Guzmán Salazar, a 31-year-old pregnant physician and Mexican citizen from Guadalajara, was said to have claimed she was Guzmán’s daughter as she crossed the U.S. border into San Diego. She was arrested on fraud charges for entering the country with a false visa. Unnamed officials said the woman was the daughter of María Alejandrina Salazar Hernández but did not appear to be a major figure in the cartel. She had planned to meet the father of her child in Los Angeles and give birth in the United States.
On the night of 17 June 2012, Obeid Cano Zepeda, a nephew of Guzmán’s, was gunned down by unknown assailants at his home in the state capital of Culiacán, while hosting a Father’s Day celebration. The gunmen, who were reportedly carrying AK-47 rifles, also killed two other guests and left another seriously injured.
Obeid was a brother of Luis Alberto Cano Zepeda (alias “El Blanco”)’s, another nephew of Guzmán’s who worked as a pilot drug transporter for the Sinaloa cartel. The latter was arrested by the Mexican military in August 2006. InSight Crime notes that Obeid’s murder may have been either a retaliation attack by Los Zetas, for Guzmán’s incursions into their territory, or a brutal campaign heralding Los Zetas’ presence in Sinaloa.
Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Latest News
Prosecutors on Friday said they were seeking $12.7 billion from convicted Mexican drug kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, based on a conservative estimate of revenues from his cartel’s drug sales in the United States#ElChapohttps://t.co/XJlN4GAQy3 pic.twitter.com/fwRTjmkRFE
— Gulf Daily News (@GDNonline) July 6, 2019
Federal prosecutors are seeking a staggering $12.7billion from convicted drug kingpin Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman – the amount they believe his cartel made from drug sales in the US.
Filed by prosecutors on Friday, the motion states that authorities are ‘entitled to forfeiture of all property that constitutes or is derived from the defendant’s narcotics-related crimes.’
Based on prices for drugs quoted by various witnesses, Guzman’s 25-year reign atop the murderous Sinaloa cartel netted sales of some $11.8billion in cocaine, $846million in marijuana and $11million in heroin, authorities said.
The money was laundered and used to pay the cartel’s workers and suppliers, as well as used to purchase communications equipment and ‘planes, submarines and other vehicles.’
‘The government need not prove that the defendant can pay the forfeiture money judgment; it need only prove by a preponderance of evidence that the amount it seeks is forfeitable,’ prosecutors said.
Fast Facts You Need to Know
- Prosecutors are seeking a staggering $12.7billion from convicted drug kingpin Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman – the amount he believably made from drugs sales
- The motion state authorities are ‘entitled to forfeiture of all property that constitutes or is derived from the defendant’s narcotics-related crimes’
- Guzman’s 25-year reign atop the murderous Sinaloa cartel netted sales of some $11.8 billion in cocaine, $846million in marijuana and $11million in heroin
- Prosecutors don’t need to prove that Guzman actually has the means to pay the forfeiture, rather that he at one time had assets totaling the outlined amount