ELISA Leonida zamfirescu kimdir
ELISA leonida zamfirescu kimdir: Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu was a pioneer of engineering in a time when women weren’t welcome in the field.
The Google Doodle celebrating her 131st birthday celebrates her position at the Geological Institute of Romania. Google’s name is spelt out in some of the minerals she helped locate during the course of her work.
It’s hardly surprising that Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu was determined to study the sciences, her maternal grandfather, Charles Gill, was a French-born engineer and her brother, Dimitrie Leonida was a graduate in the field too.
In 1909, having been rejected from the School of Bridges and Highways in Bucharest for being a woman, she enrolled at the Royal Technical Academy in Berlin.
Even after being accepted she was under pressure from the dean, who tried to persuade her to quit. He claimed that church, children and kitchen were the only things a woman needed to concern herself with.
Fortunately she ignored him and graduated in 1912 with an engineering diploma.
At the time, the press reported positively on her graduation. So much so that they proclaimed “in engineering, the future of women is great”.
After graduation she was offered a position at BASF Germany, which she declined, instead returning home to Romania. She started work instead as an assistant at the Geological Institute of Romania.
World War I saw her join the Red Cross where she was highly decorated and led several hospitals. She also met and fell in love with her future husband Constantin Zamfirescu.
The couple had two children, Mariuca and Ancuta. As inspired by science as her mother, Ancuta went on to become a chemist.
After the war she returned to the Geological Institute where she led laboratories and field studies. She helped find new resources including coal and natural gas supplies. She also wrote papers including one called The Chemistry of Chromite in the Orsova Mountains.
Her biography displayed at the National Geological Museum says: “Here she was concerned with the analysis of drinking water, various minerals, oil, gas, coal, solid bitumen, construction rock and ore preparation, signing 85,000 analysis bulletins, the results of which were published in the series Economic Studies, published by the Institute Geological”.
In addition to research she also taught both physics and chemistry at two local schools.
Was she the first female engineer in Europe?
Often described as “the first female engineer in Europe” the title isn’t quite accurate. Irish citizen Alice Perry was the first woman to graduate with an engineering degree in Europe.
Perry received first class honours from The Royal University of Ireland in 1906 – six years before Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu.
Her contribution to engineering was recognised by The General Association of the Engineers in Romania who made her their first female member.
ELISA leonida zamfirescu kimdir
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