Chelsea Manning Biography
Chelsea Elizabeth Manning (born Bradley Edward Manning, December 17, 1987) is an American activist and whistleblower. She is a formerUnited States Army soldier who was convicted by court-martial in July 2013 of violations of the Espionage Act and other offenses, after disclosing to WikiLeaks nearly 750,000 classified, or unclassified but sensitive, military and diplomatic documents. She was imprisoned from 2010 until 2017 when her sentence was commuted. Manning was jailed again for 62 days in 2019 for her continued refusal to testify before a grand jury against Julian Assange. A trans woman, Manning released a statement in 2013 explaining she had a female gender identity since childhood and wanted to be known as Chelsea Manning. She also expressed a desire to begin hormone replacement therapy.
Born Bradley Edward Manning in 1987 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, she was the second child of Susan Fox, originally from Wales, and Brian Manning, an American. Brian had joined the United States Navy in 1974, at the age of 19, and served for five years as an intelligence analyst. Brian met Susan in a local Woolworths store while stationed in Wales at RAF Brawdy. Manning’s older sister, Casey Manning, was born in 1976. The couple returned to the United States in 1979, settling first in California. After their move near Crescent, Oklahoma, they bought a two-story house with an above-ground swimming pool and 5 acres (2 hectares) of land, where they kept pigs and chickens.
Chelsea Manning was sent back to jail today after again refusing to testify in front of a federal grand jury. “I would rather starve to death than change my opinion in that regard,” Manning told the judge. (my latest w/ @davidgshortell & @caroline_mkelly) https://t.co/4qy4cAmpHN
— Sam Fossum (@FossumSamuel) May 16, 2019
In March 2015, Bloomberg News reported that Manning could be visited by only those she had named before her imprisonment, and not by journalists. She could not be photographed or give interviews on camera. Manning was not allowed to browse the web, but could consult print news and have access to new gender theory texts.
In April 2015, Amnesty International posted online a letter from Manning in which she described her daily life. “My days here are busy and very routine,” she wrote. “I am taking college correspondence courses for a bachelor’s degree. I also work out a lot to stay fit, and read newspapers, magazines and books to keep up-to-date on current events around the world and learn new things.”
Also that month, Cosmopolitan published the first interview with Manning in prison, conducted by mail. Cosmo reported that Manning was optimistic about recent progress but said that not being allowed to grow her hair long was “painful and awkward … I am torn up. I get through each day okay, but at night, when I’m alone in my room, I finally burn out and crash.” Manning said it was “very much a relief” to announce that she is a woman and did not fear the public response. “Honestly, I’m not terribly worried about what people out there might think of me. I just try to be myself.” According to Cosmo, Manning had her own cell with “two tall vertical windows that face the sun”, and could see “trees and hills and blue sky and all the things beyond the buildings and razor wire”. Manning denied being harassed by other inmates and claimed some had become confidantes.
Chelsea Manning Is Heading Back To Jail
Former Army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning has been sent to jail – again – for refusing to testify to a grand jury.
A judge on Thursday ordered Manning back to the Alexandria Detention Center until she agrees to testify to a grand jury investigating Wikileaks or until the grand jury term expires in 18 months.
— #ShoveItUpUranium ????? (@TheBeaSmith) May 16, 2019
Manning, 31, has already served two months in jail but was released last week when that grand jury term expired.
Judge Anthony Trenga was not impressed with her rationale and said that jail time may cause her to reflect differently on the issue.
Manning told the judge that she would ‘rather starve to death’ than change her opinion.
Manning has said she would rather stay in jail “forever” than testify to the grand jury, saying the subpoena was “an attempt to place me back in confinement.”
Chelsea Manning is sent to jail after refusing to testify
— Lashes for Trump????✨ (@mer1781) May 16, 2019
The nature of the grand jury’s probe remains unknown, however it has been convened at the same federal court where prosecutors recently filed charges against WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange.
Manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison in 2013 for the unauthorised disclosure of classified materials made public by WikiLeaks in 2010. Her sentence was commuted by President Barack Obama in 2017.
— Daniel Guss (@TheGussReport) May 16, 2019
Moira Meltzer-Cohen, an attorney for Manning, said Thursday: “In 2010, Chelsea took a principled decision to let the world see the true nature of modern asymmetric warfare. It is telling that the US has always been concerned with the disclosure of those documents than their damning substance.”
Assange was indicted in April on a computer hacking charge for his role Manning’s disclosure of those documents, and is currently in the UK where he is fighting extradition to the United States to face charges.
Fast Facts You Need to Know
- Manning has been ordered back to jail for refusing to testify before a grand jury
- Judge Anthony Trenga said jail time may cause her to reflect differently on the issue
- Manning told the judge that she would ‘rather starve to death’ than change opinion
- She had just told reporters Thursday that she won’t ‘comply with this grand jury’
- Manning was called to testify to a grand jury – a panel investigating major crimes that operate in secrecy – about WikiLeaks and founder Julian Assange
- She has accused the government of seeking to revive original court-martial case
- Manning said officials were unhappy over 2017 pardon by Barack Obama