Behrouz Boochani Biography, Wiki
Behrouz Boochani is an Iranian Kurd journalist who arrived in New Zealand on Thursday. He vowing never to return to Papua New Guinea (PNG) where he was detained. Behrouz was sent to PNG’s Manus Island in 2013, after arriving in Australian territory by boat.
Boochani is the co-director, along with Iranian filmmaker Arash Kamali Sarvestani, of the documentary Chauka, Please Tell Us the Time, has published numerous articles in leading media internationally about the plight of refugees held by the Australian government on Manus Island and has won several awards.
His memoir, No Friend But the Mountains: Writing from Manus Prison, won the Victorian Prize for Literature and the Victorian Premier’s Prize for Nonfiction in January 2019. The book was tapped out on a mobile phone in a series of single messages over time and translated from Persian into English by Omid Tofighian.
Behrouz Boochani wrote a book via Whatsapp from inside a detention centre has finally left the island where he was held for six years by Australia.
Behrouz Boochani Quick Bio
|Born||23 July 1983
|Occupation||Journalist, writer, filmmaker, refugee advocate|
|Education||Political science, political geography and geopolitics|
|Alma mater||Tarbiat Modares University
Tarbiat Moallem (Kharazmi) University
|Notable works||No Friend But the Mountains: Writing from Manus Prison;
Chauka, Please Tell Us the Time (film)
|Notable awards||Victorian Prize for Literature
Victorian Premier’s Prize for Nonfiction
Behrouz Boochani Detention
Mr Boochani arrived on Australia’s Christmas Island in July 2013. In the same month, the country’s then-prime minister vowed no asylum seeker arriving by boat would ever be resettled in Australia, even if found to be genuine refugees.
Australia says its policies are necessary to deter dangerous attempts to reach the country by sea.
Boochani began contacting journalists and human rights defenders outside the camp. He collected information on human rights abuses in the field and sent them via a hidden mobile phone to news organizations and advocacy groups such as The Guardian, The Sydney Morning Herald, Refugee Action Collective and the United Nations. In September 2015, PEN International (the Melbourne and Norwegian branches of which Boochani is now an honorary member and a coalition of human rights groups launched an international campaign on behalf of Boochani, urging the Australian government to fulfill its obligations at the beginning of non-refoulement, as defined in article 33 of the United Nations Convention on the Status of Refugees Several campaigns have urged people to write to Peter Dutton, Minister of Immigration and Border Protection, the Prime Minister Australian and high commissioners. Journalists without borders warned that dissent was not tolerated by Iran’s theocratic regime, and that “Boochani’s freedom would be in great danger if he were forced to return to Iran.” Boochani has repeatedly asked for I handed it to the UN.
He also became a spokesman for the men in his complex, Foxtrot, meeting with PNG immigration officials and other officials, as well as Amnesty International and UNHCR representatives. He has been moved twice to Chauka, the solitary confinement block built with shipping containers, for three days. He was also imprisoned during the 2015 hunger strike that was stifled by force, spending eight days inside Lorengau prison and released without charges after being asked to stop reporting.
He said in a 12-minute radio interview on Autonomous Action Radio before the release of his Chauka movie, Please Tell Us the Time in 2016, that he intended to show the Australian public what the government was doing with the detainees on the island , and spoke of the mental torture caused by the deprivation of hope.
In March 2017, Boochani’s plight was raised in the Australian House of Representatives by Australian MP Adam Bandt.
Although he was forcibly moved to an accommodation outside the detention center a few weeks after it was officially closed on October 31, 2017, Boochani cannot leave the island without travel documents, and the only way to reach the nearby town Lorengau is on an official bus, and refugees are routinely searched in the body when they leave and return. He wrote about what was happening and his fear during the siege that followed the closure, as well as the articles he wrote for The Guardian at that time, among other things, in WhatsApp messages to translator and friend Omid Tofighian, which were later published in its totality .
On November 28, 2017, Boochani sent a message to the Australian public through the Asylum Seekers Resource Center (ASRC) and posted it on his website, thanking them for their humanity, and describing the recent peaceful protest of refugees in the island after the closure of the detention center, which was met with force. He said Peter Dutton was not right in saying that his only wish was to come to Australia; They just want freedom and security in any safe country, and they were not free or safe in Manus.
In a speech given to the guests at a dinner of the Center for Human Rights Law in 2018, he expressed the opinion that the Australian Government was manipulating its people, using propaganda focused on national security. In a radio interview with SBS Radio, he thanked “the many brave people in Australia who have been fighting this system,” saying that Australians are not cruel and if they were fully aware of exactly what is happening, they would not have let Your government does this.
Boochani was presented as the subject of the Australian history of ABC TV. He said he would not continue with resettlement in Papua New Guinea, and now regrets his decision to target Australia.
Works from Manus Island
Mientras vivía en el centro de detención de Manus Island, Boochani ha publicado muchos de sus artículos en las noticias en línea y otros medios, como “The Day My Friend Hamid Kehazaei Died” en The Guardian y “Life on Manus: Island of the Damned” en The Saturday Paper y otros de HuffPost, Financial Times y New Matilda. El periodista guardián Ben Doherty, al aceptar el premio Amnistía Internacional Australia en nombre de Behrouz en 2017, dijo que Boochani “… con razón, se ve a sí mismo como un periodista que trabaja en Manus Island, cuyo trabajo es ser testigo de las injusticias y la violencia y privación de la detención en alta mar “. Algunos de sus artículos han sido publicados en sitios web kurdos en Irán.
También ha publicado poemas en línea y narra su historia en el galardonado documental animado Nowhere Lines: Voices of Manus Island, realizado por el cineasta británico Lucas Schrank en 2015).
La película Chauka, Please Tell Us the Time fue filmada dentro del centro de detención de Manus Island por Boochani, completamente en un teléfono móvil, y estrenada el 11 de junio de 2017 en el Festival de Cine de Sydney. Una crítica de la película fue escrita por el galardonado escritor Arnold Zable.
En febrero de 2018, escribió un artículo sobre el asesinato de su amigo Reza Barati durante los disturbios en el campamento en 2014 y la injusticia de los eventos que siguieron. Se incluye un poema sobre su “gigante gentil y mejor amigo”, llamado Our Mothers, un poema para Reza. En marzo de 2018, el documental de larga duración, Stop the Boats! (el título que refleja un eslogan del gobierno), dirigido por Simon V. Kurian, fue lanzado, con Boochani y otros.
No Friend But the Mountains
In July 2018, Picador published his memoirs No Friend But the Mountains: Writing from Manus Prison. Written in prose and poetry, he narrates his boat trip from Indonesia, his detention on Manus Island and the lives (and deaths) of other prisoners, as well as observations on the Australian guards and the local people of Papua. The book was laboriously used in a mobile phone in Persian in fragments through WhatsApp and translated from Persian into English by his friend Omid Tofighian. He postulates that prison is a kiriarchal system (a term taken from feminist theory), one where different forms of oppression intersect; Oppression is not random but intentional, designed to isolate and create friction among prisoners, leading to despair and broken spirits. In his preface to the work, Australian writer Richard Flanagan refers to Boochani as “a great Australian writer.”
No Friend But the Mountains won the Victorian Prize for Literature and the Victorian Premier Non-Fiction Award on January 31, 2019. There were questions about Boochani’s eligibility for both awards because participants had previously limited themselves to Australian citizens or permanent residents, but he was given a waiver by the prize managers and the judges was unanimous in recognizing his literary excellence. The director of the Wheeler Center, Michael Williams, said the judges thought that the story of what is happening on Manus Island is essentially an Australian story, and that “he made it completely consistent with the intent of the awards.” In an interview with writer Arnold Zable after the award, Boochani said he has many conflicting thoughts about it, but sees it as a “political statement of the literary and creative arts community in Australia, and all those who disagree with government thinking. ”
In April 2019, the book received a Special Prize at the Premier Literary Awards of New South Wales, whose judges described it as “an outstanding literary work in its own right”, in addition to being “… notable for the circumstances of its production”. …. compelling and shocking content. ”
On May 2, it was announced that the work had won the Australian Book Industry Award (ABIA) for the general nonfiction book of the year.
Behrouz Boochani Twitter
“I just arrived in New Zealand,” he tweeted on Thursday. “So exciting to get freedom after more than six years.
I just arrived in New Zealand. So exciting to get freedom after more than six years. I have been invited by Word Festival in Christchurch and will participate in an event here. Thank you to all the friends who made this happen.
— Behrouz Boochani (@BehrouzBoochani) November 14, 2019
- Diaspora Symposium Social Justice Award in October 2016.
- On the shortlist of four for the Index on Censorship’s Freedom of Expression Award in the category of Journalism in 2017.
- Tampa Award, April 2018, presented by Rural Australians for Refugees, for “selfless and substantial contribution to the welfare of refugees”.
- Amnesty International Australia 2017 Media Award, for his work on The Guardian and The Saturday Paper.
- STARTTS Humanitarian Award (Media), for “Media outlets, journalists or media officers supporting, prioritising and/or raising awareness of refugee issues”.
- Voltaire Award, Empty Chair Award, awarded July 2018 by Liberty Australia.
- Anna Politkovskaya Award for Journalism, October 2018.]
- Sir Ronald Wilson Human Rights Award, October 2018.
- Victorian Prize for Literature and the Victorian Premier’s Prize for Nonfiction, January 2019, for No Friend But the Mountains: Writing from Manus Prison.
- Special Award, New South Wales Premier’s Literary Awards, April 2019, for No Friend But the Mountains.
- General Non-Fiction Book of the Year, Australian Book Industry Awards, April 2019, for No Friend But the Mountains.
- National Biography Award, August 2019, for No Friend But the Mountains.