Bartolome Esteban Murillo Wiki, Bartolome Esteban Murillo Bio
Bartolome Esteban Murillo Wiki: Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (was born on 31st December 1617, baptized on 1st January 1618 and died on 3rd April 1682. He was a Spanish Baroque painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times.
Murillo parents were María Pérez Murillo (Mother) and Gaspar Esteban (Father), He may have been born in Seville or in Pilas, a smaller Andalusian town. It is clear that he was baptized in Seville in 1618, the youngest son in a family of fourteen. His father was a barber and surgeon. After his parents died in 1627 and 1628, he became a ward of his sister’s husband, Juan Agustín Lagares. Murillo seldom used his father’s surname, and instead took his surname from his maternal grandmother, Elvira Murillo.
Murillo began his art studies in Seville under Juan del Castillo, who was a relative of his mother (Murillo’s uncle, Antonio Pérez, was also a painter). His first works were influenced by Zurbarán, Jusepe de Ribera and Alonzo Cano, and he shared their strong realist approach. The great commercial importance of Seville at the time ensured that he was subject to artistic influences from other regions. He became familiar with Flemish painting and the “Treatise on Sacred Images” of Molanus (Ian van der Meulen or Molano). As his painting developed, his more important works evolved towards the polished style that suited the bourgeois and aristocratic tastes of the time, demonstrated especially in his Roman Catholic religious works.
At the age of 26, in 1642, he moved to Madrid, where he most likely became familiar with the work of Velázquez and would have seen the work of Venetian and Flemish masters in the royal collections; the rich colors and softly modeled forms of his subsequent work suggest these influences.
In 1645, he painted eleven canvases for the convent of St. Francisco el Grande in Seville. These works depicting the miracles of Franciscan saints vary between the Zurbaránesque tenebrism of the Ecstasy of St Francis and a softly luminous style (as in Death of St Clare) that became typical of Murillo’s mature work.
In the same year 1645, Murillo’s completed many paintings of children, The Young Beggar (Musée du Louvre), in which the influence of Velázquez is apparent. Following the completion of a pair of pictures for the Seville Cathedral, he began to specialize in the themes that brought him his greatest successes: the Virgin and Child and the Immaculate Conception.
After another period in Madrid, from 1658 to 1660, he returned to Seville where he was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes(Academy of Art) in 1660, with the architect Francisco Herrera the Younger. This was his period of greatest activity, and he received numerous important commissions, among them the altarpieces for the Augustinian monastery, the paintings for Santa María la Blanca (completed in 1665), and others.
Bartolome Esteban Murillo Death and Cause
Murillo died in Seville in 1682 at the age of 64. His death was, for a long time, wrongly attributed to a hernia caused by a fall from a scaffold while working on a fresco at Santa María la Blanca (Cadiz). However, recent research shows that during this time he did not leave Seville, disproving this theory.
Bartolome Esteban Murillo Wife and Children
In 1645 he returned to Seville and married Beatriz Cabrera y Villalobos, with whom he eventually had eleven children.
Bartolome Esteban Murillo Legacy
Murillo had many pupils and followers. The prolific imitation of his paintings ensured his reputation in Spain and fame throughout Europe, and prior to the 19th century, his work was more widely known than that of any other Spanish artist. Artists influenced by his style included Gainsborough and Greuze.
Bartolome Esteban Murillo Google Doodle
On 29th November 2018, Google dedicated a doodle to Murillo on what would have been his 400 years Anniversary.